Sedgwick County, Colorado: Overview of Economy and Community


Sedgwick County, located in the northeastern corner of Colorado, is one of the state’s least-populated counties with just 2,404 residents as of the 2020 census. Despite its small size, the county boasts a rich history, diverse economy, and unique natural beauty.


  • Sedgwick County covers 549 square miles and borders Nebraska to the north and east.
  • The county was established in 1889 and named after Fort Sedgwick, which honored Civil War General John Sedgwick.
  • Agriculture is the primary economic driver in the county.

Geographic Profile of Sedgwick County

Sedgwick County is situated along the South Platte River, which provides fertile soil for agriculture. The landscape is characterized by rolling plains and grasslands, with some areas of rugged terrain. The climate is semi-arid, with hot summers and cold winters. The county is home to various wildlife species, including pronghorn, deer, and a variety of bird species.

Historical Context of Sedgwick County

The area now known as Sedgwick County was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Arapaho and Cheyenne. The county was officially established in 1889, named after Fort Sedgwick, a military post along the Platte Trail. The fort was named in honor of General John Sedgwick, a Union Army commander during the American Civil War.

Throughout its history, Sedgwick County has been shaped by agriculture and the railroad. The arrival of the Union Pacific Railroad in the late 1800s brought an influx of settlers and facilitated the growth of farming and ranching.

Economic and Agricultural Significance

Agriculture is the backbone of Sedgwick County’s economy, with major crops including corn, wheat, and sugar beets. The county is also known for its cattle ranching and dairy production. Other important industries include healthcare, education, and local government services.

Community and Lifestyle

Despite its small population, Sedgwick County offers a tight-knit community atmosphere. The county seat, Julesburg, is home to the majority of the county’s residents and serves as the hub for local events and activities.

The county’s education system includes public schools in the Julesburg School District and the Revere School District. Healthcare services are provided by Sedgwick County Health Center, a critical access hospital and nursing home facility.

Tourism and Attractions

Sedgwick County offers a variety of outdoor recreational opportunities, including hunting, fishing, and birdwatching. The South Platte River is a popular destination for anglers, while the Jumbo Reservoir State Wildlife Area attracts hunters and wildlife enthusiasts.

The county is also home to several historical sites, such as the Julesburg Dragstrip, which hosted nationally renowned races in the 1950s and 1960s, and the Hippodrome Arts Centre, a restored 1919 theater that now serves as a community event space.

Infrastructure and Transportation

Sedgwick County is served by several major highways, including Interstate 76, U.S. Highway 138, and Colorado State Highway 59. The county also has a small airport, Julesburg Municipal Airport, which accommodates general aviation traffic.

Public services in the county include law enforcement provided by the Sedgwick County Sheriff’s Office, fire protection from volunteer fire departments, and utilities managed by various local providers.

Business and Investment Opportunities

Sedgwick County offers a supportive environment for small businesses and entrepreneurs. The county’s economic development efforts focus on attracting and retaining businesses in sectors such as agriculture, healthcare, and tourism.

The county provides incentives for new businesses, including tax credits and grant programs. Success stories include the expansion of local agricultural producers and the revitalization of downtown Julesburg.

FAQ Section

What is the population of Sedgwick County?

As of the 2020 census, the population of Sedgwick County is 2,404.

What are the main economic activities in Sedgwick County?

The main economic activities in Sedgwick County are agriculture, particularly crop production and cattle ranching, as well as healthcare, education, and local government services.

What tourist attractions are available in Sedgwick County?

Tourist attractions in Sedgwick County include outdoor recreational activities such as hunting, fishing, and birdwatching, as well as historical sites like the Julesburg Dragstrip and the Hippodrome Arts Centre.

What are the educational facilities available in Sedgwick County?

Educational facilities in Sedgwick County include public schools in Julesburg and Ovid.

How does Sedgwick County support local businesses and entrepreneurs?

Sedgwick County supports local businesses and entrepreneurs by providing incentives such as tax credits and grant programs, as well as focusing on attracting and retaining businesses in key sectors like agriculture, healthcare, and tourism.


About the author

Shannon Persad

As a seasoned journalist and Colorado native, I bring a deep-rooted connection and comprehensive understanding of Colorado to my work at My appreciation for the state’s rich history, vibrant culture, and pressing environmental issues drives my commitment to exploring its evolving landscape—from the bustling urban centers to the tranquil mountain towns.